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The battle site that made the name Yukimura famous throughout Japan

A Toyotomi army of 100,000 against a Tokugawa army of 200,000
A gallant battle was fought using strategy and tactics against an overwhelming difference in troop numbers. In the last battle of Sengoku, the Siege of Osaka, Yukimura came to be known throughout Japan as the greatest warrior of Japan.

In the 1614 Winter Siege of Osaka, Yukimura suspected that Tokugawa forces would attack the poorly fortified southern side within the castle and built a defensive outpost to repel the soldiers. This fortification is referred to as Sanada Maru.

Osaka-jo CastleThe castle of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the feudal lord who unified the country, became the site of the final battle of the Sengoku period, the Siege of Osaka.

In the Sengoku (Warring States) period, in this place there was a large and prosperous temple called Ishiyama Hongan Temple, but in 1580 it was overtaken by Oda Nobunaga and the temple building was burned. Three years later, Hideyoshi began building a castle where the temple once stood, which became a large castle. After the castle fell to attack by Tokugawa during the Siege of Osaka, it was rebuilt by the shogunate. The castle tower was burned down by lightening in the Edo period, but was restored through the enthusiasm of residents in 1931.

View from the castle tower

This view is from the south where Sanada Maru is believed to have stood.

Inside Osaka-jo Castle

The castle tower is a museum that houses precious cultural assets. Exhibitions are held in the exhibit rooms on the 3rd and 4th floors.

Reconstructed Osaka-jo Castle

The rebuilding of Osaka-jo Castle by the Tokugawa shogunate completely eliminated traces of Hideyoshi. It started from the ground up by building the foundational structure of the stone walls.

Location: 1-1 Osakajo, Chuo-ku, Osaka
TEL: 06-6941-3044
Hours: 9:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m. (last admission is 30 min. before closing)
Closed: Year’s end/New Year’s (December 28th–January 1st)
Fee: 600 yen for adults, junior high school students and younger are free (identification required)
Access: Approx. 15 min. on foot from JR Osaka Loop Line “Osakajo-koen Station”

Sanko-jinja ShrineThere are vestiges of an underground passage said to have run from Osaka-jo Castle to Sanada Maru.

Approximately 800 m south of Osaka-jo Castle, Sanko-jinja Shrine is built on a hill named Mt. Sanada. It worships the three gods, Amaterasu Omikami, Tsukuyomi, and Susanoo, known as deities that ward off paralysis. This site was also conceivably part of Sanada Maru (earthwork barbican).

This is the lower floor of a torii gate pillar that escaped the destruction of WWII. It is the remnants of the Sanada Underground Passage said to have connected to Osaka-jo.

Next to the underground passage is a bronze statue of Yukimura leading a battle with baton raised.

Location: 14-90 Tamatsukurihonmachi, Tennoji-ku, Osaka
TEL: 06-6761-0372
Visitors are free to walk within the grounds
Access: Approx. 5 min. on foot from JR Osaka Loop Line "Tamatsukuri Station"

Yasui-jinja ShrineThis is the site where Yukimura died a regrettable death during the Summer Siege of Osaka in 1615.

This ancient shrine next to Mt. Chausu in Tennoji Ward enshrines the deity of Sukunahikona no Kami and Sugawara no Michizane. It is where Yukimura is said to have died during the Summer Siege of Osaka. In the last battle, he boldly charged into Tokugawa’s headquarters, but failed to kill Ieyasu, against whose forces he had held his own. Yukimura met his unfortunate end under a pine tree on the shrine grounds.

On the shrine grounds stands a stone monument marking this site as Yukimura’s place of death in battle. Next to it is a statue of Yukimura sitting at rest with his helmet off. (© Kimitsugu Harima)

Behind the stone monument is Sanada Pine, which is said to be where Yukimura rested (currently the second generation).

Location: 1-3-24 Osaka, Tennoji-ku, Osaka
TEL: 06-6771-4932
Visitors are free to walk within the grounds
Access: Approx. 5 min. on foot from Osaka Municipal Subway Tanimachi Line "Shitennoji-mae Yuhigaoka Station"

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